While many have rightfully hailed the passage of the Pennsylvania Clean Slate Law as a life-changer for those with old and minor criminal convictions, there is much about the legislation that is currently unclear.
Here’s what we do know about the record sealing opportunities under the new Clean Slate Law in Pennsylvania:
- What is the Clean Slate Law/Bill in Pennsylvania?
- What is record sealing in Pennsylvania?
- What records can still be seen (even if I have a sealed record in PA under Clean Slate)?
- How can I know what’s on my PA criminal record?
- What records get cleared under the Pennsylvania Clean Slate Law?
- What’s the process for sealing my criminal record in PA under Clean Slate?
- Do I need to disclosed my convictions if my records have been sealed in PA under Clean Slate?
- What are my next steps?
What is the Clean Slate Law in PA?
Pennsylvania Governor Wolf signed the “Clean Slate” Bill on June 28, 2018. Clean Slate allows minor, non-violent cases to be automatically sealed from public view after time has passed without conviction of a felony or a misdemeanor.
What does it mean to have a record sealed in Pennsylvania?
To have a record sealed in Pennsylvania is to have the record closed from view by the general public. However, this does not mean that the record is completely beyond reach of certain interested parties (keep reading below).
What records can still be seen, even if a record is sealed?
Unlike expungements in Pennsylvania (or pardons), sealed records are not removed from the system. To be clear, under Clean Slate in Pennsylvania, criminal history records will not be destroyed or expunged.
Who Will Still Have Access to Sealed Records in PA?
- Employers who utilize FBI background checks
- Employers who are otherwise required to review criminal records under federal law
- Law enforcement entities (such as the police, District Attorneys, courts, etc)
- Licensing agencies
Who Will Not Have Access to Sealed Records (Generally):
- Most employers (other than those listed above)
How do you know what’s on your criminal record in PA?
The most important thing is to know exactly what is on your record! Start by checking your record here (there’s two types). (We’ll run your record and tell you what can be cleared, and when.)
Eligibility for Record Sealing
What types of convictions are eligible for record sealing in PA under the new Clean Slate Law?
- Primarily second- and third-degree misdemeanors
- Some first-degree misdemeanors
Additional Eligibility Requirements:
- Convictions must be more than 10 years old (the person requesting relief must also be conviction-free for 10 years)
- Court costs and fines have all been paid
There are some additional eligibility requirements in the law itself (Clean Slate eligibility is complicated – we recommend you talk to a record expungement attorney in PA.
What convictions are not eligible for record sealing in PA under the new Clean Slate Law?
Although most violent and sexual offenses are rightfully exempt from Clean Slate, there are other caveats in the law that can prevent you from having your records sealed:
- If you have any felonies or other first-degree misdemeanors anywhere on your record, none of your other misdemeanors can be sealed.
- Likewise, if you have four or more misdemeanors that are graded as second degree or higher—even if they are all individually eligible to be sealed—they collectively render you ineligible for relief under Clean Slate.
Will ARD records be sealed under Clean Slate?
The new law seems to suggest that even ARDs (which is probation without conviction on a DUI charge) would be sealed, even though it is completely expungable.
Process for Criminal Record Sealing in PA (under Clean Slate)
Starting in January 2019, people with qualifying criminal convictions in Pennsylvania can start filing petitions to have them sealed under Clean Slate. The petitions must be filed in the local courts where the conviction occurred, and all previous and existing fines and court costs must be paid in full.
Note: This process can be complicated. Instead of dealing with a legal headache, contact Attorney Mark Walmer to help you through the process (he’ll make it easy).
Starting in January 2020, qualifying criminal convictions will be automatically sealed for persons who meet the above criteria, including:
- Arrests without convictions
- Summary convictions after 5 years
- Smaller misdemeanor convictions after 10 years
- …and others (check with an experienced record sealing attorney)
Do I need to disclose my convictions under Clean Slate sealed records?
No. Under Pennsylvania law, records sealed under Clean Slate are not considered “convictions,” in the conventional sense. Although law enforcement, prosecutors, and certain interested parties can view the records (see above), unless the information is requested by a criminal justice entity or is required under federal law, you may respond as if the sealed conviction doesn’t exist.
What do I do now?
As previously mentioned, in order for your Clean Slate petition to be considered, you must file it in the court where the case was heard. It’s important to know that each court has its own system for filing Clean Slate petitions, and each may have a different fee associated with the filing.
An experienced expungement and record sealing attorney like Mark F. Walmer, who specializes in pardons and expungements, can help make sure your petition gets the attention it deserves and your rights under the law are protected. Contact him today, and get a head start on your second chance!